For children aged two or more, special educational provision is in addition to or different from provision made generally for other children or young people of the same age by mainstream schools, maintained nursery schools, mainstream post-16 institutions or by relevant early years providers.
For a child under two years of age, special educational provision means educational provision of any kind.
A child under compulsory school age has special educational needs if he or she is likely to fall within the definition for special educational needs when they reach compulsory school age or would do so if special educational provision was not made for them.
The term SEND includes the term learning difficulties and disabilities (LDD).
In Somerset additional resources given to mainstream schools for children and young people with SEND are not dependent on statutory SEND processes.
The SEND statutory process in Somerset is used to decide whether the local authority should determine provision over and above the provision a mainstream school can deliver.
Somerset mainstream schools continue to develop their expertise in meeting special educational needs and have financial resources and experience to meet the needs of the majority of children and young people with SEND. EHC plans are for children and young people with complex needs.